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[The Aguilandos and the Child of Villanueva del R o Segura (05/01/2021)

Emilio del Carmelo Tom s Loba Official Chronicler of Villanueva del R o Segura For approximately twenty years, a hopeful and exciting project, sponsored by the folk movement of the Cuadrillas, came to land in the Valricot population of Villanueva del R o Segura with the sole objective of recovering a A particular form of ritual through the song of the Aguilando typical of these parts, as well as the music of the loose dance, understood as the jotas, malagueñas, and siguirillas , in addition to the “agarrao” dance, so popular with the people.

. Thus, since then, the Villanueva Squad has not stopped going out into the streets with its most valuable votive insignia: El Niño, so necessary in the religious life of the Ricote Valley, for which a large part of the people in this area feel great devotion. The origin of the Cuadrilla really lies in the old Brotherhood of the Villanovense people, a brotherhood organization that assists the people in tanotic cults throughout the year, in addition to participating in the street cost of asking for the Christmas Aguilando for the benefit of the Brotherhood.

In fact, the statutes or Constitutions of the Brotherhood of the Blessed Sacrament and of the Brotherhood of the Blessed OnesThey date from 1873.

However, we know from the protocols of the Count of Aranda Pedro Pablo Abarca de Bolea and Xim nez de Urrea, X Count of Aranda (1709-1798), dated December 5, 1770, that one of the festivals o commemoration that took place in the town was “las nimas del Purgatorio” (next to San Roque, who was already the patron, San José, San Antonio, San Francisco de As s, the Virgin of the Assumption, the Virgin of the Rosary, the Virgin of Sorrows and the Blessed Sacrament). Said Brotherhood or Brotherhood disappeared as everything that is fickle or prone to cease to exist due to its immaterial component, in the face of inclement social and political times, shortly before the Civil War, and despite the fact that there have been groups such as rondallas de pulso ypía, and even a tuna, and a group of the Feminine Section animating the Christmas "show" in the postwar years, the truth is that he had never considered completing a fierce ritual to link the town of Villanueva with tradition, as an inheritance that corresponded to it by natural right, until the appearance of the traditional Cuadrilla of the town at the end of the 20th century. It is thus that many years ago, the voice of collective immaterial responsibility responded to a project, as we said, hopeful, and the Cuadrilla with the traditional Aguilando returned to go out through the streets of the town as before, as when the old Brotherhood of souls went out.

Thus, assuming said company, the recovered Villanueva Squad picked up the witness of the old Squad, and it was renamed the Squad of nimas or the Brotherhood of nimas of Villanueva del R o Segura.

And that is how the petition ritual has been completed, except for this year due to the fateful pandemic that is attacking our society, altering it, and one year in particular for a mourning that took place in the Squad. Be that as it may, we noted that the most precious asset of the Squad, in addition to guitars, guitars, tambourines, rattles and violins, the Bag of Souls and the Brotherhood Hand Bell, was and is The Child of Villanueva. On the other hand, and in relation to the effigy of the Messiah, we must say that, as in the town of Abar n, the Child is guarded and carried by the Brotherhood of Souls, but It is true that the origin is not associated with both brotherhoods, but that the Child ended up being part of the life of the Brotherhood of nimas, both of Villanueva and Abar n, through a process of ritual settlement that we have come to define, for some time, as Theory of Overlap.

In other words, the Child was carried by the Church of both towns to carry out a massive kissing on Kings Day.

In the case of Abar n, the Auroros (or the Brotherhood of nimas, which were the same) accompanied the Child in the kissing machine offering their music, a fact that led to the restructuring of the ritual festival under the tutelage, coordination and organization of the Abaranera Brotherhood of nimas (despite the disappearance of the Auroros).

In the case of Villanueva, said besapi s also took place on Three Kings Day and was also organized by the church, but when this ritual ceased to have continuity, it ended up disappearing; It is thus that what the Group of Souls of Villanueva did, as in Abar n, was to assume the ritual, coordinating and determining the radius of religious action,thus enhancing the Christmas tradition and the Villanovense sense of identity in the religious and festive space represented by these dates. In fact, the Cuadrilla de nimas de Villanueva, the Cuadrilla de la Hermandad de nimas de Villanueva or, simply, also the Cuadrilla del Niño, usually go out on days 2, 3, 4 and 5 (see speras de Reyes) by this Valricot population, both in its old settlement or in the old town, as well as the so-called Barrio de San Roque. Undoubtedly, many people have made it possible for the People's Squad to be a reality, from the older people who saw in this formation a little bit of hope in such a nostalgic period, despite the losses or ruptures of traditional values, such as younger people, especially girls who are now women, some even married, not forgetting mothers who have accompanied us with their children ..., people who can always say they were in the Cuadrilla del Niño, in the Cuadrilla de nimas de Villanueva del R o Segura, taking the Child out every year to collect the eagle through the villain song, also called Aguilando, with the aim always to be delivered to the Parish Church of Our Lady of the Assumption, and even, for some other tragic year, to assist the sick. Over time, the Squad looked for its place and occupied, not without sweat, its niche in the town to the point that, in addition to the race between the Aguilades and the Child, at the request of the then priest pleguero Don Juan José Noguera, ended up participating in the Christmas Eve and New Year's Eve masses celebrated in the Geri trico Santa Isabel for the elderly, those who in some way value the music of yesteryear more, as well as It happens to this day.

And even, without going any further, last Christmas of the year 2019-2020, the songs of the ancient Gozo Masses were recovered: Mass songs in Latin, as they took place before Council II, as well as traditional Christmas carols and aguilandos from Villanueva del Segura. In short, the Hermandad de nimas, or the Cuadrilla de la Hermandad de nimas, or the Cuadrilla de (las) nimas, or the Child Squad of Villanueva del R o Segura, all of the same entity, in this outing natural geographic area of ??the Segura in the Ricote Valley, stands as a living, real, dynamic ritual group and with the degree of spontaneity that the ancient Cuadrillas had in their formation, especially by the marvelous presence of zagales who, when they "get close", want, every Christmas, to accompany the Child of Villanueva even if that means spending two or three days without stopping, singing the Aguilando from door to door: The royal eagle it's two pounds of bacon and four of longaniza and a skin of wine.

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Source: Emilio del Carmelo Tomás Loba

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